Asia and the Pacific
The Jakarta Addendum to Address Overlapping Forms of Marginalization is not a law, but a series of commitments that was introduced at the 3rd Regional Dialogue held in Jakarta, Indonesia in January 2015 and hosted by the General Election Network for Disability Access (AGENDA), the Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the General Election Commission of Indonesia (KPU).
The Addendum states:
The participants in the General Election Network for Disability Access' (AGENDA) 3rd Regional Dialogue, held in
Jakarta, Indonesia on January 28-29, 2015 reaffirmed their pledge to implement the 2012 Bali Commitments on
Equal Access to Elections and adopted the Jakarta Addendum to Address Overlapping Forms of Marginalization
We, members of election management bodies, disabled people's organizations, civil society organizations,
academics, and representatives from government institutions, recognize that persons with disabilities are frequently
excluded from the political lives of their countries and commit to take steps to make the electoral process more
inclusive, equal and accessible.
We further acknowledge that persons with disabilities represent various ethnic, religious, socioeconomic, age and
gender groups. Often, the combination of multiple identities can lead to double or triple marginalization. The political
participation of women in particular, is hindered by a variety of institutional, social and cultural obstacles that are
often compounded by disability. Evidence suggests that a majority of the 280 million young people with disabilities
in developing countries live in poverty and have low literacy skills so they are left out of civic participation initiatives.
Voter education initiatives are often not conducted in accessible formats, and are even less likely to be produced in
accessible formats in indigenous languages. People with disabilities from indigenous groups often encounter
challenges in obtaining the citizenship documents required in order to register to vote.
We reiterate our commitment to increasing access to the political process for persons with disabilities, with a
renewed focus on upholding the rights of people with disabilities who are also from marginalized groups including
women, youth, and indigenous people, ethnic and religious minorities, LGBT and older people. The fulfillment of
these rights is in line with the principles proclaimed in international standards such as the UN Convention on the
Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, in addition to regional instruments such as Incheon
Strategy to “Make the Right Real” for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific.
We each resolve to work to eliminate all forms of discrimination towards persons with disabilities who also identify
with another marginalized group. We will work together to ensure that:
We will share experiences and outcomes of this conference with our governments, disabled persons' organizations,
civil society, the media, academia and other stakeholders when we return to our countries. We confirm our desire to
continue to collaborate and share best practices and lessons learned with each other.