United States

Americans with Disabilities Act (1990, last amended 2008)

Updated: June 2015

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Title 42, chapter 126, subchapter II “Public Services,” section (12132) states:

Subject to the provisions of this subchapter, no qualified individual with a disability shall, by reason of such disability, be excluded from participation in or be denied the benefits of services, programs, or activities of a public entity, or be subjected to discrimination by any such entity.


Title 42, chapter 126, subchapter III “Public Accommodations,” section (12182), subsection (a) states:

General Rule: No individual shall be discriminated against on the basis of disability in the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations of any place of public accommodation by any person who owns, leases (or leases to), or operates a place of public accommodation.


Title 42, chapter 126, subchapter IV “Miscellaneous Provisions,” section (12201), subsection (a) states:

In general: Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, nothing in this chapter shall be construed to apply a lesser standard than the standards applied under title V of the Rehabilitation Act of 19783 (29 U.S.C. 790 et seq.) or the regulations issued by Federal agencies pursuant to such title.


Title 47, chapter 5, subchapter II “Common Carriers,” part I, section (225) states:

…(b) Availability of telecommunications relay service: (1) In general: In order to carry out the purposes established under section 151 of this title, to make available to all individuals in the United States a rapid, efficient nationwide communication service, and to increase the utility of the telephone system of the Nation, the Commission shall ensure that interstate and intrastate telecommunications relay services are available, to the extent possible and in the most efficient manner, to hearing-impaired and speech-impaired individuals in the United States.


Excerpts from the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990, last amended 2008)