American Samoa

Population Statistics

54,343

Total Population

8,151

Population with a disability

according to World Health Organization’s 15% estimate

Election Dates

American Samoa has not yet signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities


Constitution of American Samoa (1960, last amended 1979)

Updated: June 2015

Article II, section (7) states:

No person under guardianship, non compos mentis, or insane shall be qualified to vote at any election.

 

Article IV, section (3) states:

The Secretary of American Samoa, who may be referred to as Lieutenant Governor of American Samoa, shall have all the powers and duties of the Governor in the case of a vacancy in the office of Governor or the disability or temporary absence of the Governor. He shall record and preserve the laws and executive orders, and transmit copies thereof to the Secretary of the Interior. He shall have and perform such other duties as may be prescribed by law or assigned to him by the Governor.

 

Excerpt from the Constitution of American Samoa (1960, last amended 1979)

Elections Code of American Samoa (1977, amended 2010)

Updated: June 2015

Section 6.0103.1 states:

(b) The term of the first appointed Chief Election Officer shall be four years, commencing on the date of confirmation by the Legislature. All subsequent terms shall be three years, commencing on the date of confirmation. If the Chief Election Officer vacates or for any reason is incapable of performing the duties of the office, the Deputy Chief Election Officer shall be the Acting Chief Election Officer. In no case may the Deputy Chief Election Officer serve as Acting Chief Election Officer for more than 180 days, whether consecutive or not, within one year from the first day served as Acting Chief Election Officer…

(d) The Chief Election Officer may be removed from office by the Governor, only upon showing of one or more of the following causes: conviction of a felony or misdemeanor; mental or physical incapacity; gross mismanagement; or grossly unethical conduct. The Chief Election Officer is entitled to the same notice and hearing procedures provided for other government employees…

 

Section 6.0221 states:

(a) Whenever the election officer receives from any recording or informing agency information of the death, loss of voting right of a person sentenced for felony, adjudication of insanity or feeblemindedness, loss of citizenship or national status, or any other disqualification to vote, of any person registered to vote, or who he has reason to believe may be registered to vote therein, he shall thereupon make an investigation as he considers necessary to prove or disprove the information, giving the person concerned, if available, notice and an opportunity to be heard. If after the investigation he finds that the person is dead, or non compos mentis, or has lost his voting rights, or has lost his citizen- ship or national status, or is disqualified for any other reason to vote, he shall remove the name of the person from the register.

(b) The election officer shall make and keep an index of all information furnished to him under any requirements of law concerning any of the matters in this section. Whenever any person applies to register as a qualified elector, the election officer shall, before registering the person, consult the index for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not the person is in any manner disqualified to vote. Persons whose names are removed from the register of qualified electors under this section may appeal to the High Court and proceedings shall be had upon the appeal as in other appeals.

 

Section 6.0402, subsection (c) states:

In case of inability, failure, or refusal of any person so assigned to serve as a district official, the Chief Election Officer shall appoint a person from the pool of qualified district officials to fill the vacancy.

 

Section 6.0702 states:

If a qualified elector is manifestly physically disabled, the qualified elector may be assisted by anyone through the area specified…

 

Section 6.0709 states:

(a) Any qualified elector who, by reason of illiteracy or blindness or other physical disability, is unable to mark his ballot, shall, if he so requests, receive the assistance of 2 district officials or of any qualified elector whom he may designate, in the marking thereof. Before rendering assistance or permitting assistance to be rendered, the district officials shall be satisfied that the physical disability exists. If a qualified elector with a physical disability finds it unduly burdensome for him to enter the polling place, he may be handed a ballot outside the polling place but within 100 feet thereof by the district officials and in their presence, but in a secret manner, mark and return it to the district officials.

(b) The district officials shall enter in writing in the record book the following:

  • (1) the qualified elector’s name;
  • (2) the fact that the qualified elector cannot read the names on the ballot, if that is the reason for requiring assistance, and otherwise, the specific physical disability which requires him to receive assistance; and
  • (3) the name or names of the person or persons furnishing the assistance.

 

Excerpts from the Elections Code of American Samoa (1977, last amended 2010)