Albania

Population Statistics

3,029,278

Total Population

454,392

Population with a disability

according to World Health Organization’s 15% estimate

Election Dates

25
apr

Albania Parliament 2021

2021

11 February 2013

Ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities


Electoral Code of the Republic of Albania (2008, last amended 2015)

Updated: June 2015

Article 44 states:

In order to be included in the voter list, a person shall meet the following criteria:…

(c) be not found incapable to act by a final court decision…

 

Article 53, section 1 states:

The extract of electoral components is subject to additions, changes or deletions, when, from the publication of the electoral components to the posting of the voter list, a person who has turned or turns 18 years old on the election date:…

(b) is found incapable to act by a final court decision…

 

Article 108 states:

(1) A voter who, for physical reasons, is unable to perform the voting procedures him/herself may request the assistance of a family member or another voter who is on the voter list for that polling unit.

(2) A person may assist only one voter who cannot vote him/herself.

(3) Before marking the ballot paper, a person who assists another voter makes a statement in the VCC Meeting Records Book that he/ she will vote as instructed, will not influence the voter’s decision, will not make the vote public and has not voted on behalf of any other voter.

(4) Members of the election commissions and the secretary may not help any voter who is unable to vote him/herself.

(5) The mark on the ballot paper shall necessarily be made inside the voting booth.

(6) Within the period of the revision of voter lists, voters specified in point 1 of this article have the right to request the mayor of the local government unit that prepares the voter list for the respective voting centre to register them as voters who cannot vote themselves. The request for registration is accompanied by the official documentation that proves the type and category of disability. The registration as a voter who cannot vote him/herself is carried out to facilitate the voting process for these voters.

(7) In any case, when there are voters registered according to point 6 of this article who have difficulties accessing the voting centre premises, the voting centres shall be designated and organized in such a manner as to guarantee free access for this category of voters. If this is impossible, in compliance with the instructions of the CEC and at CEC expense, the mayors of the local government units appoint support personnel or equipment to guarantee free access.

(8) In case of blind voters, the mayor of the local government unit notifies the CEC on the number of blind voters and their voting centres. The CEC, in accordance with the procedures and deadlines for the distribution of the electoral materials, supplies the commissions of these voting centres with special voting devices that allow the voters to read or understand the ballot paper and to vote independently. A blind voter is informed by the VCC of the manner of voting with special voting devices and is supplied with them upon his/her request. Otherwise, the voter shall vote in accordance with points 1 and 3 of this article.

 

Excerpts from the Electoral Code of the Republic of Albania (2008, amended 2015)

Constitution of the Republic of Albania (1998, last amended 2012)

Updated: June 2015

Article 27, section 2 states:

Freedom of a person may not be limited, except in the following cases:

  • (e) when a person is the carrier of a contagious disease, mentally incompetent and dangerous to society…

 

Article 45, section 2 states:

Citizens who have been declared mentally incompetent by a final court decision do not have the right to elect.

 

Article 91, section 2 states:

In case the President cannot exercise his duty for more than 60 days, the Assembly by two-thirds of all its members decides on sending the issue to the Constitutional Court, which verifies conclusively the fact of his incapacity. In case of verification of incapacity, the place of the President remains vacant and the election of the new President begins within 10 days from the date of verification of incapacity.

 

Article 127, section 1 states:

The term of a judge of the Constitutional Court ends when he:…

  • (e) is declared incompetent to act with a final judicial decision.

 

Article 128 states:

The judge of the Constitutional Court can be removed from office by the Assembly by two-thirds of all its members for violations of the Constitution, commission of a crime, mental or physical incapacity, acts and behavior that seriously discredit the position and reputation of a judge. The decision of the Assembly is reviewed by the Constitutional Court, which, upon verification of the existence of one of these grounds, declares the removal from duty of the member of the Constitutional Court.

 

Article 139, section 1 states:

The term of a High Court judge ends when he:…

  • (e) is declared incompetent to act with a final judicial decision.

 

Article 140 states:

A judge of the High Court may be discharged by the Assembly with two-thirds of all its members for violation of the Constitution, commission of a crime, mental or physical incapacity, or acts and behavior that seriously discredit the position and image of a judge. The decision of the Assembly is reviewed by the Constitutional Court, which, upon verification of the existence of one of these grounds, declares his discharge from duty.

 

Article 147, section 6 states:

A judge may be removed from office by the High Council of Justice for commission of a crime, mental or physical incapacity, acts and behavior that seriously discredit the position and image of a judge, or professional insufficiency. The judge has the right to complain against this decision to the High Court, which decides by joint colleges.

 

Article 149, section 2 states:

The General Prosecutor may be discharged by the President of the Republic upon the proposal of the Assembly for violations of the Constitution or serious violations of the law during the exercise of his duties, for mental or physical incapacity, for acts and behavior that seriously discredit the position and reputation of the Prosecutor.

 

Excerpts from the Constitution of the Republic of Albania (1998, last amended 2012)