Population Statistics


Total Population


Population with a disability

according to World Health Organization’s 15% estimate

Election Dates

23 July 2009

Ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Electoral Decree (2015)

Updated: September 2015

Article 157 states:

On Election Day, a citizen's physical disability can not be evoked to prohibit the right to vote. Only a citizen with a mental incapacity, duly noted and declared by a medical authority competence, loses his right to vote.


Excerpts from the Electoral Decree (2015)

Constitution of Haiti (1987, last amended 2012)

Updated: September 2015

Article 99-1 states:

In the event the President of the Senate is unable to discharge his duties, the National Assembly shall be presided over by the President of the Chamber of Deputies, and the Vice President of the Senate shall then become Vice President of the National Assembly.


Article 99-2 states:

In the event the two (2) Presidents are unable to discharge their duties, the two (2) Vice-Presidents shall replace them, respectively.


Article 148 states:

If the President finds it temporarily impossible to discharge his duties the Executive Authority shall be vested in the Council of Ministers under the Presidency of the Prime Minister, so long as the disability continues.


Article 149 states:

In case of vacancy of the Presidency of the Republic either by resignation, dismissal, death or in case of physical or mental permanent incapacity duly declared, the Council of Ministers, under the presidency of the Prime Minister, exercises the Executive Power until the election of another President...


Article 159 states:

The Prime Minister executes the laws. In case of absence, the temporary disability of the President of the Republic or on his demand, the Prime minister presides over the Council of Ministers. He has the Regulatory Power, but he may never suspend, or interpret the laws, acts and decrees, or refrain from executing them.


Article 165 states:

In case of resignation of the Prime Minister, the Government remains in place to expedite current affairs until the assumption of the functions by his successor. In case of permanent incapacity duly declared of the Prime Minister or of his resignation from the post for personal reasons, the President will choose an Interim Prime Minister from among the members of the ministerial cabinet while attending to the formation of a new Government within a time period not passing thirty (30) days.


Article 177 states:

Judges of the Supreme Court, the Courts of Appeal and the Courts of First Instance are appointed for life…Their service may be terminated during their term of office only in the event of a duly determined permanent physical or mental incapacity.


Excerpts from the Constitution of Haiti (1987, last amended 2012)